The bulk of UK Leave voters come from disadvantaged areas, and perceive immigration as a threat. But significant exceptions to this trend in England and most importantly in Scotland make it hard to draw a simple causal link between wealth, immigration, and voting patterns.
The UK enjoys opt-outs from many EU policies, without its influence in the EU being diminished. But the UK’s privileged position in the EU has been neglected in the referendum debate, which has been caught up in statistics about the material costs and benefits of the EU.
Re-examining the contentious EU freedom of movement rules.
I’m publishing today a new Policy Contribution for Bruegel, on the forthcoming vote about the UK’s EU membership.
As it begins its EU renegotiation, the UK risks antagonising even close allies such as Germany.