This chapter examines how institutionalized summits served as a tool to foster trust during the Cold War. It argues that summits tried to foster trust both “internally” and “externally”: summitry aimed at developing not only trust among the leaders, but also crucially trust with regard to the Western (economic) system. These two ambitions—interpersonal and systemic—represented a vital transformation, albeit one imperfectly fulfilled, of the international system in the 1970s and 1980s.
This article examines the place of history as a discipline in the wider field of European studies in 2015.
G7/8/20 summits are often accused of many ills: club of the rich, producers of pointless communiqués, unduly gigantic gatherings, over-prepared meetings and media-show events – in a word, useless. This chapter argues for a more qualified assessment of their added value to global governance. This chapter assesses multilateral summitry along three lines, examining respectively the process (the G7 as a diplomatic instrument), the outcome (what agreements G7s actually reached) and the counterfactual (what if the G7 did not exist?).
Depuis 2010, la crise de la zone euro jette un voile de confusion sur les raisons ayant mené à la création de la monnaie unique. Un retour sur celles-ci permet de mieux comprendre les origines et les enjeux actuels de la monnaie unique.
In an interview with UCL’s Claudia Schrag Sternberg, I discuss today’s EU referendum from the perspective of the last 50 years of the UK’s presence in the EU.
Re-examining the contentious EU freedom of movement rules.